Laparoscopy is a surgical diagnostic procedure used to examine the organs in the abdominal area during the diagnosis or treatment of various developing diseases. Laparoscopy, also known as closed surgery among the public, is a surgical method performed by entering the abdomen through small incisions and using a camera and surgical instruments.


During laparoscopy, he uses an instrument called a laparoscope to look at the organs in the abdominal area. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with a high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera in the front. The device is inserted into the abdomen through an incision in the abdominal wall. As the camera moves forward, it sends images to a video monitor, allowing the doctor to view the inside of the body in real time without open surgery. It is also possible to take a biopsy sample if necessary during this procedure.


Why is Laparoscopy Performed?

In many cases, abdominal problems can also be diagnosed with imaging techniques such as ultrasound, which uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the body, computed tomography, which uses special types of x-rays, and magnetic resonance imaging scan, which uses magnets and radio waves. Laparoscopy may be performed when these tests do not provide sufficient information or insight for diagnosis. The procedure may also be used to take a biopsy or tissue sample from a specific organ in the abdominal area.


The doctor may recommend laparoscopy to examine the individual’s organs such as appendicitis, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, small and large intestines, spleen, stomach or pelvic or reproductive organs and for the procedures to be performed on these organs. By observing these areas with the help of a laparoscope, the doctor can detect the presence of an abdominal mass or tumor, the extent of progression of a cancer, the presence of fluid in the abdominal cavity, liver disease, and the effectiveness levels of certain treatments. One of the reasons why laparoscopy is preferred is that it provides doctors with the opportunity to intervene to treat the individual’s condition immediately after the diagnosis of the disease.


Risks associated with laparoscopic surgery include bleeding, infection, and damage to intra-abdominal organs, which can also occur with other types of surgery. However, these situations are rare events.


How to Prepare for Laparoscopy?

The individual must inform his doctor about the prescription or over-the-counter medications he uses. The doctor will tell the individual which medications should be used and how they should be used before and after the procedure. The doctor may change the dose of any medications that may affect the outcome of the laparoscopy, such as blood thinners or other medications that affect blood clotting, any herbal or dietary supplements, and vitamin K.


Individuals who are pregnant or think they are pregnant should also inform their doctor. This will reduce the risk of harm to the developing fetus.


Before laparoscopy, the doctor may order blood tests, urinalysis, electrocardiogram, and chest X-ray, and may also require imaging tests, including ultrasound, computed tomography scan, or magnetic resonance imaging scan. These tests can help the doctor better understand the abnormality examined during laparoscopy. The results also provide the doctor with a visual guide to the inner parts of the individual’s abdomen, increasing the effectiveness of laparoscopy.


The doctor will probably advise the individual to avoid eating and drinking for at least eight hours before laparoscopy. Laparoscopy, on the other hand, is commonly performed using general anesthesia, which can make the individual drowsy.


How is Laparoscopy Done?

General anesthesia is commonly given for this type of surgery. This means that the individual will sleep throughout the procedure and will not feel any pain. During the general anesthesia process, an intravenous line is placed in one of the individual’s veins. Through this intravenous line, the anesthesiologist can administer specific medications to the individual and provide necessary hydration with fluids.